Pine, Mountain (PINUS MUGO) - 'Pumilio'
Hardy evergreen shrub with short, dark green needles and a compact, dense, spreading habit of upright branches. Adorned with small, dark brown cones and unique 'candles' of new growth. Grown mostly for its beautiful foliage and low, open, spreading habit. This slow-growing, naturally dwarf version of Mugo Pine is hardy and adds color, lower level of height, and texture to landscapes. Relatively low maintenance, but can be pruned as needed. Drought tolerant.
The somewhat globe, rounded form of 'Pumilio' reaches about 3-4 feet tall and 6 feet wide, but is capable of spreading further while maintaining its relatively low height. It grows best in full sun to partial sun and is hardy to USDA Hardiness Zone 3. Of the small conifers, this is the easiest to grow in gardens and is often used as an accent or in mass plantings, or in rock gardens in combination with boulders. Popular as an evergreen contrast in perennial borders; adds texture variation when planted with other dwarf shrubs. Best used amidst other dwarf shrubs needing texture variations. Although relatively trouble free, it may be susceptible to wind damage. Water deeply and regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system. Reduce watering frequency once established and water when the top 2 inches of soil become dry. Fertilize in the spring before new growth appears with a general purpose fertilizer. Grows best in enriched, loamy, and well-drained soils but is not particular to soil type or pH and is able to handle environmental salt. Highly tolerant of urban pollution and drought tolerant. It will not thrive, and may even die, in standing water. Low maintenance, but if pruning is desired, only trim back the new growth of the current season; remove dieback as needed.